Law , commonly referred to as Lei Seca, or Dry Law, determines that drivers caught with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of On December , the law No. was enacted. It reinforces the popularly known “Lei Seca” (Law No. /). The new law modifies the Brazilian. e após a implantação da Lei “Lei Seca”. Método: estudo transversal retrospectivo. Foram utilizados os registros de acidentes de trânsito.
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The diagnosis for adjustment of the logistic model was based on the deviance reduction criteria in comparison with the null model. Altera a Lei no 9.
How the Zero Tolerance Law Changed Brazil
lej Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 19 4: No licence to that kind of business. Although the agents responsible for the DUI Spot-Check Campaign selected thoroughfares of high density traffic considered strategic for the installation of interception points, noting possible diversion routes for drivers, the chances are that slightly higher positive results in the breathalyzer test would be observed if there were no tools available on social networks or other means by which drivers can obtain information about the locations of the interception points, such as smartphone apps.
As with any law, ignorance of dry laws is no excuse and will not serve as a defense in court. It should be stressed that the risk of death from traffic accidents after the enactment of the DUI Spot-Check Campaign decreased the standard mortality rate for this type of accident in Brazil by 7. Systematic monitoring actions taken by the DUI Spot-Check Campaign that have occurred for longer in the capital appear to have a positive impact on the drinking and driving behavior of drivers.
Descriptive analysis of the sample and the association between gender, age and location variables with the breathalyzer test results and refusal s to take it were then conducted using the chi-square test, and xeca a multiple logistic regression model, adopting a level of 0. Table 1 Demographic characteristics, location and breathalyzer test results of intercepted drivers.
Epidemiology and consequences of drinking and driving.
The interception did not follow systematic criteria and was conducted randomly by police, who informed the drivers about the changes in the CTB after the DUI Spot-Check Campaign, requesting that the breathalyzer test be taken and presentation of the Vehicle Registration and Licensing Certificate and the Brazilian Driver’s License. Dry counties are counties that prohibit the sale of alcohol altogether. References 1 Eurocare Advocacy for the prevention of alcohol related harm in Europe.
These results suggest that less exposure in terms of years of drivers of the Baixada Fluminense to the DUI Spot-Check Campaign increases the chance of non-compliance with the law, since the DUI Spot-Check Campaign in the Baixada Fluminense only began inthree years after it was launched in the capital of Rio de Janeiro.
In addition, it is possible that some of the 4.
Rev Saude Publica ; 48 4: Seda Visualizar o texto. Eurocare Advocacy for the prevention of alcohol related harm in Europe; This is a cross-sectional study conducted on the basis of data provided by the Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro conducted by agents of the Military Police and the Highway Department with motor vehicle drivers intercepted during the DUI Spot-Check Campaign between 10 p.
Some counties may prohibit alcohol sales at night time, while some may restrict sales only on Sundays until noontime. The administrative violation will occur in case the conductor shows any concentration of alcohol on the blood, that would mean a mensuration equal or superior 0.
Drinking and driving in Europe. Similares no Google Citados no Google Scholar. Alcohol Res Health ; 27 1: On Decemberthe law No. In the event of refusal to take the breathalyzer test, the Brazilian Driver’s License was seized and the vehicle apprehended until the appearance of another sober driver holding a valid license.
The importance of this connection in terms of public health led several developed countries to adopt measures that have proved to be successful to reduce morbidity and mortality on the roads. Or some counties may prohibit some types of dram shops liquor-selling establishments within certain geographic boundaries. In these cases, the driver is subject to detention of 6 months to 3 years, fine and suspension or prohibition of obtaining driving license.
EMB – Fórum de Discussões
It also suggests a possible positive influence of systematic enforcement actions taken by the DUI Spot-Check Campaign since on the drinking and driving behavior of drivers from the capital of Rio de Janeiro. In the United States and Europe, there was a reduction of traffic accidents with the adoption of preventive measures, such as reducing the availability of alcoholic beverages, surveillance in sobriety checkpoints with unrestricted powers to apply the breathalyzer test and suspension of the licenses of those caught driving under the influence above the legal limits 1 1.
This reduction was also observed in Rio de Janeiro Cien Saude Colet ; 20 4: DO Ramos analyzed the data and drafted and revised the article. However, the frequency of refusals to take the breathalyzer test found in this study is twice Table 2 that found in the latter.
Analyses were made using R version 3. Changes in the incidence of alcohol-impaired driving in the United States, Table 3 Crude and adjusted associations between gender, age and interception location and a positive result and refusals to take the breathalyzer test.
Law No. 12.760/2012
AMM Abreu decided on and outlined the research and revised the article. Drinking and driving in Europe Brussels: Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 22 1: Obviously, in not comtemporary times we are supposed to think of the dry laws enforced in Russia circa and in the US mainly in the period The content of this site is protected by copyright law Brazilian Law 9. Probably this is due to the fact that at the time of data collection, if the individual was driving a vehicle under the influence of alcohol, refusal to take the breathalyzer test involved a lesser penalty than a positive test result.
It is possible that the frequency of positive results in the breathalyzer test found by this study in the capital of the State of Rio de Janeiro was 4. Many conscientous people are not selling, with or without law, but the. Thus, drivers were persuaded to take the breathalyzer test with the assurance that they would not suffer any punishment and that the results would not be passed onto the police, whose involvement was limited to ensuring the safety in traffic of the team of researchers and the drivers themselves.
Many conscientous people are not selling, with or without law, but the other ones These may also include fines and jail time. Cad Saude Publica ; 29 1: