Iniquis Afflictisque (On the Persecution of the Church in Mexico) is an encyclical of Pope Pius XI promulgated on November 18, , to denounce the. The encyclical was written in and was titled Iniquis Afflictisque. Pope Pius XI’s second encyclical about the persecution of the Church in. Today, November 18, is the 88th anniversary of Pope Pius XI’s first encyclical on the persecution of the Catholic Church in Mexico (by the.
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It is most important, too, that these prayers which have been so powerful an aid to Us should be continued, and even increased, with renewed fervor. The President of the Afflivtisque and the members of his ministry have insisted with such ferocity on the enforcement of these laws that they do not permit the governors of the different states of the Confederation, the civil authorities, or the military commanders to mitigate in afflicfisque least the rigors of the persecution of the Catholic Church.
It is most important, too, that these prayers which have been so powerful an aid to Us should be continued, and even increased, with renewed fervor. Member feedback about Sasanian conquest of Jerusalem: All foreign priests and religious men have been expelled from the country.
Its first constitution was enacted in and stated in the article 3 that the religion of the nation was and would perpetually be Roman Catholic-it also prohibited any other religion. Member feedback about Christianity in Saudi Arabia: Member feedback about Assyrian genocide: When the President of the Republic had promulgated his untimely and unjust decree of interpretation of the Constitution, by means of another joint pastoral letter the Bishops protested and pointed out that to accept such a law was nothing less than to desert the Church and hand her over a slave to the civil authorities.
Has not this ship always aboard the Divine Pilot who knows when to calm the angry waves and the winds? Here the Nazis set about systematically dismantling th His death was seen as a largely political venture on the part of government officials in their attempt to stamp out dissent and crush religious freedom in the area.
If, at the beginning of the persecution, Catholics were able to make a defense of their religion in the public press by means of articles which made clear the truth and answered the lies and errors of their enemies, it is now no longer permitted these citizens, who love their country just as much as other citizens do, to raise their voices in protest. These two sodalities, over and above the work which is special to each of them, promote and do all they can to have others promote the activities of the above-mentioned Federation for the Defense of Religious Liberty.
In the first place, the National Sodality of Fathers of Families, the program of which is to give a Catholic education to their own children, to protect the rights of Christian parents with regard to education, and in cases where children attend the public schools to provide for them a sound and complete training in their religion.
In certain sections of the country restrictions have been placed on the ministry of priests which, if they were not so sad, would be laughable in the extreme. No less deserving of the Church and the fatherland as the Knights of Columbus have been and still are, We mention two other organizations, each of which has, following its own program, a special relation to what is known as “Catholic Social Action. Career FromKlausener served in the Prussia in the Ministry of Welfare, and later headed the police division Ministry of Interior of that state.
The majority of these same individuals were forced, under threat of losing their positions, to take part, together with the army and laboring men, in a parade sponsored by the Regional Confederation of the Workingmen of Mexico, a socialist organization.
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Both in and in men who seemed veritably inspired by the barbarism of former days persecuted the clergy, both secular and regular, and the sisters. Martyred Roman Catholic priests Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.
Without going into details about their work, with pleasure We desire to call to your attention, Venerable Brothers, but a single fact, namely, that all the members of these organizations, both men and women, are so brave that, instead of fleeing danger, they go out in search of it, and even rejoice when it falls to their share to suffer persecution from the enemies of the Church. We do know this much: The clergy, on their side, have not hesitated to go to prison when ordered, and even to face death itself with serenity and courage.
Marvelous indeed is the glory of the Divine Spouse of Christ who, through the course of the centuries, can depend, without fail, upon a brave and generous offspring ever ready to suffer prisons, stripes, and even death itself for the holy liberty of the Church!
Unquestionably the events just cited are grave and deplorable. This parade took place in Mexico City and in other towns of the Republic on the same day. There cannot be the slightest doubt of the fact that the Mexican hierarchy have unitedly used every means within their power to defend the liberty and good name of the Church. They have justly merited, too, that We, in a solemn document executed by Our Apostolic authority, should make known this fortitude to the whole Catholic world.
As the Lord willed, so is it done. Both men and women who defended the rights of the Church and the cause of religion, either in speeches or by distributing leaflets and inquis, were hurried before the courts and sent to prison.
Therefore, they ordered the complete suspension of every act of public worship which cannot take place without the presence of the clergy, in all the churches of their diocese, beginning the last day of July, on which day the law in question went into effect. Knights of Columbus Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Historian John Wolffe identifies four types of anti-Catholicism: Following a plebiscite inthe Southern Cameroons elected to rejoin French Cameroon, while the Northern Cameroons opted to join Ni One thing more remains for Us to jniquis, Venerable Brothers, namely, to pray and implore Our Lady of Guadalupeheavenly patroness of the Mexican people, that she pardon all these injuries and especially those which have been committed against her, that she ask of God that peace and concord may return to her people.
Such being the facts, what remained for the Bishops to do if not to decide that, until these unjust laws had been repealed, neither they nor the faithful would change in the slightest the policy which they had adopted? Moreover, since the civil authorities had ordered that all the churches must be turned iniqius to the care of sfflictisque, chosen by the mayors of the different municipalities, and could not be held in any manner whatsoever by those who were named or designated for such an office by the bishops or priests, which act transferred the possessions of the churches from the ecclesiastical authority to that of the state, the Bishops practically everywhere interdicted the faithful from accepting a place on such committees bestowed on them by the Government and even from entering a church which was no longer under the control of the Church.
How was it possible for the Archbishops and Bishops of Mexico to remain silent in the face of such odious laws?
afflctisque These two sodalities, over and above the work which is special to each of them, promote and do all they can to have others promote the activities of the above-mentioned Federation for the Defense of Religious Liberty.
There cannot be the slightest doubt of the fact that the Mexican hierarchy have unitedly used every means within their power to defend the liberty and good name of the Church. All that is required in order to make such afflictisqud legal is a mere presumption of guilt. Background The Army was the only organisation in Germany with the capacity to overthrow the government; from within it, a small number of officers came to present the most serious threat posed to the Nazi regime.
However, the Shogunate was also wary of colonialism, seeing that the Spanish had taken power in the Philippines, after converting the population. affflictisque
It was the second of three encyclicals concerning persecution in Mexico, including Iniquis afflictisque and Firmissimam constantiamque Immediately after their publication the hierarchy of Mexico protested in kind but firm terms against these laws, protests which Our Immediate Predecessor ratified, which were approved as well by the whole hierarchies of other countries, as well as by a great majority of individual bishops from all over the world, and which finally were confimed even by Us in a letter of consolation of the date of the second of February,which We addressed to the Bishops of Mexico.
As a matter of fact, We behold these priests standing shoulder to shoulder, obedient and respectful to the commands of their prelates despite the fact that to obey means in the majority of cases serious dangers for themselves, for they must live from their holy office, and since they are poor and do not themselves possess anything and the Church cannot support them, they are obliged to live bravely in poverty and in misery; they must say Mass in private; they must do all within their power to provide for the spiritual needs of their flocks, to keep alive and increase the flame of piety in those round about them; moreover, by their example, counsels and exhortations, they must lift the thoughts of their fellow citizens to the highest ideals and strengthen their wills so that they, too, will persevere in their passive resistance.
What We have just written is true of all these organizations. All church buildings have been declared the property of the state. The Bishops hoped that those in charge of the Government, after the first outburst of hatred, would have appreciated the damage and danger which would accrue to the vast majority of the people from the enforcement of those articles of the Constitution restrictive of the liberty of the Church and that, therefore, out of a desire to preserve peace they would not insist on enforcing these articles to the letter, or would enforce them only up to a certain point, thus leaving open the possibility of a modus vivendi, at least for the time being.
All church buildings have been declared the property of the state. First of all We mention the Knights of Columbus, an organization which is found in all the states of the Republic and which fortunately is made up of active and industrious members who, because of their practical lives and open profession of the Faith, as well as by their zeal in assisting the Church, have brought great honor upon themselves.
And if, in the hidden designs of God that day which We so greatly desire is far distant, may she in the meantime console her faithful children of Mexico and strengthen them in their resolve to maintain their liberty by the profession of their Faith. He has been awarded the title of Righteous among the Nations and has been beatified by the Catholic Church. Without the slightest regard for justice, for solemn promises given, or for humanity itself, one of these Apostolic Delegates was driven out of the country; another, who because of illness had left the Republic for a short time, was forbidden to return, and the third was also treated in a most unfriendly manner and forced to leave.