Name: Guignardia citricarpa Kiely. Anamorph: Phyllosticta citricarpa (McAlpine) Van der Aa (macroconidial state). Synonyms: Phoma citricarpa McAlpine. Citrus black spot is a fungal disease caused by Guignardia citricarpa. This Ascomycete fungus affects citrus plants throughout subtropical climates, causing a. Guignardia citricarpa Kiely, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales () [MB#].

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Citrus black spot

The two species can be distinguished by molecular testing using PCR. Conidia are obovate to elliptical, hyaline, nonseptate, multiguttulate with a colourless appendage and are 5. It is important to note that while ascospores can infect fruit, they have not yet been observed developing on fruit.

Reclassification of an isolate of Guignardia citricarpa from New Zealand as Guignardia mangiferae by sequence analysis. Description of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria. In both countries the fungus was thought to have been found, but after further testing it was identified as the non-pathogenic strainGuitnardia mangiferaerather than the pathogenic strain Guignardia citricarpa which causes Citrus Black Spot. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 2: These trees must be removed because those that are declining and stressed will often have off season bloom.

However, treatment with guazatine or imazalil, hot water or waxing decreased the viability of the pathogen in black spot lesions Korf et al. Any trees that are infected with citrus black spot should be removed from the grove and disposed of. Leaf lesions are uncommon on most citrus but may be more frequent on lemons.


It argued that Citrus Black Spot has never spread to new areas with fruit as the cause and citrus fruit has never been shown to be the cause of the spread of the disease.

European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Guignardia differs from Botryosphaeria in having unilocular ascomata, smaller ascospores and different anamorphs. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The citriacrpa of the black spot fungus within the Ascomycetes has been unclear. An infection peg penetrates the cuticle and epidermis to form quiescent infections on leaves or fruit.

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Journal of the South China Agricultural College, 4 2: Currently the anamorph is Phyllosticta citricarpa with a Leptodothiorella spermatial state van der Aa, The panel pointed out that it is known to occur only in summer rainfall citrus production areas and that the only way it has been spread to new areas has been through infected propagation material moved to areas where the climate is suitable for its establishment.

A note on the typification of Guignardia.

Citrus black spot Citrus black spot lesions. Exclusion Efforts have been made to exclude black spot from areas where it is not currently present. Don’t need the entire report? Like most websites guiganrdia use cookies.

Datasheet Guignardia citricarpa citrus black spot. Some losses to fruit drop occurred in years favourable for disease development and when fruit was held on the trees past peak maturity.


A strain of Guignardia citricarpa, the citrus black spot pathogen, resistant to benomyl in South Africa. Fruit produced for the fresh market should be citricwrpa and kept as cold as possible to slow development of the lesions.

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citrus black spot (Guignardia citricarpa)

Fungicidal control of black spot and melanose on coastal Valencia oranges in New South Wales. The importance of dispersal by fruit has been questioned since the fungus produces only water-dispersed conidia on symptomatic fruit Kotze, Guiynardia and Feichtenberger, ; Goes at al.

Mechanical removal of leaf litter from the orchard floor reduces disease pressure and facilitates control, but is costly. Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.